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An analysis of Sabda and vAk - Part 4


Like speech is the expression of beings, this Universe is the expression of that Atman.

Like speech carries the 'knowledge', the Universe carries the 'matter' forms. These matter forms are the 'information content', 'entropy' of Universe or 'Veda' or 'Knowledge' of Universe.

Thus 'we' the matter and beings of the Universe are 'thoughts/knowledge' of that Atman, that arises from its consciousness, the quantum oscillations of the vacuum.

Three stages of expression

There are three stages of expression of human speech as described in vakyapadiya.
  1. From arising of thoughts (pazyanti) 
  2. Thoughts instructing the vocal chords to compress/expand (internals, the madhyama) and 
  3. Vocal chords producing sound (external, the vaikhari)
There are three stages of expression of Universe as described in Rg Veda Mandala 1 Hymn 164
  1. On which the laws of Universe are seated first - apazyam
  2. Charactertized by dhrAji/Force/sweep causing the rupA - madhyama/visuvata
  3. Characterized by power of speech/expression - vaikhAri
I mapped them to the three stages of expression of Universe in the following way.
  1. Background quantum oscillations of vaccum (pazyanti)
  2. The probabilistic world of quantum force-fields and energy (madhyama)
  3. The deterministic world of classical particles and thermodynamics (vaikhari).

  1. Backround Quantum oscillations of vaccum, 
  2. Probabilistic Quantum fields 
  3. Deterministic Classical particles
are the three stages of expressions of Universe. The fourth  is the para, which is the 'virtual' that manifests virtually to run the evolution homogeneously.

The manifestations of prajna

According to Yajnavalkya, this four-fold vAg with Brahman resident in it, is the 'prajna' of the Universe.  This 'Prajna', the consciousness is four-fold.  Yajnavalkya goes on to describe this prajna, vAg of the Universe in terms of these four parts, as seen from prajnA, the consciousness of a human being.

The four folds of vAg in terms of prajnA, the consciousness of human being are
  1. Hrdaya - The background quantum oscillations of Universe.  This is the ekibhuta prajna. The first visible activity of prajna in human expression or Universe's expression.
  2. prAna - The probabilistic world of multiple quantum force-fields and their interactions. This is the antah prajna. Prajna performing internal interaction (of organs/force-fields) leading to stable matter/beings. 
  3. Caksu, Zrotram - The deterministic particles part of Universe. This is bahis-prajna. Prajna causing external particles and evolution of matter forms.
  4. Manas - This is the 'virtual' that runs the evolution homogeneously manifesting as 'virtual' at multiple places. It causes the evolution of baryons, nucleus and even processes like quantum de-coherence, loss of information, driving the evolution of matter forms and beings. This is the sarvajjna that 'knows' all the above three, as it manifests in all three worlds as 'virtual'.

prAna - The Rudras

On the four dimensional spacetime of Unvierse, different types of force-fields emerge and get diverged. For eg. an unified force splits into ElectroWeak and strong force which further splits into Electromagnetic, Weak and strong force-fields. This is the madhyama stage of Universe's expression, the quantum manifestation.

Brhadharaynyaka Upanishad - 3.10.4

katame rudrā iti; daśeme puruṣe prāṇā ātmaikādaśaḥ; te yadāsmāccharīrānmartyādutkrāmantyatha rodayanti; tadyadrodayanti tasmādrudrā iti 

What are the Rudras..?  The ten prAnas of Purusha with Atma eleven, those which ascends/rises the 'mortal sarira', vibrating/weeping at the lowest level. That which vibrates therefore they are rudra. roda in translated as 'weeping'. It is 'vibrating'.  antya is the lowest levels.

In a moral sarira/object that which vibrates at the lowest level are the 'force-fields'. Because they vibrate they are called 'ru-dras'. These ten rudras or ten force-fields  (become eleven with Atma) are the prAna of the Purushas.

The excitation of these rudras, the force-fields causes the Yajna/evolutionary process of the Universe to be performed. The force-fields (rudra) themselves cannot evolve. The excitations (kAma) of the force-fields (rudra) causes the manifestation and interaction of matter forms and evolve the Universal matter forms.

Brhadharanyaka Upanishad - Sloka 4.1.3

Yajnavalkya says prAna is invoked as 'priyam'. Preyas are desires. Priyam is binding that comes out of those desires. Because something is binding/priyam, it becomes dear/loved one. 

prAna, whether as force-fields/rudra or breathing are the fundamental metabolism of evolution, where energy is taken in, used and given out.

"prāṇasya vai samrāṭ kāmāya ayājyaṃ yājayati, apratigṛhyasya pratigṛhṇāti, api tatra vadha aśaṅkaṃ bhavati yāṃ diśameti prāṇasyaiva samrāṭ kāmāya"

Yajnavalkya says "Emperor, by excitation of prAna,  those that are not capable of yajna, they do the Yajna.  Of those not accepted, they are accepted. Also there manifests fear of death/destruction in whichever disa the prAna is excited".

Yajna, the sacrifice is the evolutionary process of Universe. What is this prAna, whose excitation causes those that are not capable of Yajna/evolving to perform the evolution..?

The Rudras, the force-fields of the Universe, when they are excited with energy, they make those that are not capable of being part of evolution to become part of evolution.

Hrdayam - Background quantum oscillations of vacuum

Hrdaya is the 'heart' which supplies blood or 'energy' to all other organs. In Universe, the one that supplies energy to all the Rudras, the force-fields (or the prAna of the Universe) are the energy present in the vacuum as background quantum oscillations. Hence they are the 'hrdaya' of the Universe.

Brhadharanyaka Upanishad - Sloka 4.1.7

Yajnavalkya says "sthitir ityenad upāsīta". Hrdaya is invoked as 'sthithi' which is stability. The Sthiti is the emergence of classicality on top the quantum manifestation of Universe, which is the pazyanti stage.

hṛdayaṃ vai samrāṭ sarveṣāṃ bhūtānāmāyatanam, hṛdayaṃ vai samrāṭ sarveṣāṃ bhūtānāṃ pratiṣṭhā, hṛdaye hyeva samrāṭ sarvāṇi bhūtāni pratiṣṭhitāni bhavanti;

All the bhutas (matter forms) reside on hrdayam. Hrdayam is the pedestal on which all the bhutas (matter forms) get situated.

In Universal parlance all force-fields and matter forms reside on the quantum oscillations of vacuum, which is the pedestal.

In Br. Up. 3.9.20, it is said that Hrdaya is what is inside and causes the 'rupA' the form/shape.  Thus hrdaya causes the external rupA as well as 'sthithi'.

What is that hrdaya that in inside..? It is the energy that is hidden in the vaccum or empty space.  Hrdaya causes the sthithi by being the pedestal on which Universe functions.

Caksu/ Zrotram - Detection of Light/EM and Sound/Mechanical

The quantum force-fields (prAna) lead to more 'classicality' view of particles. 

The classical particles exhibit cakSu and zrotram.

cakSu is detection of electromagnetic energy propagation. Zrotram is detection of mechanical energy propagation.

cak means visible. cakSu is detection of EM radiation, light, which is energy propagation in electromagnetic field. Detection of EM radiation is sight.

zrotram is detection of mechanical energy propagation or mechanical work done, caused by different forces of pressure. Detection of mechanical energy is hearing.

Electromagnetic energy propagation in the form of EM radiation or Light and Mechanical energy propagation in the form of pressure changes caused by physical movement facilitate larger matter structures with stability and shape.

Light and sound/mechanical detection facilitated by virtual particles (photons, phonons) facilitate the emergence of larger classical matter from simple particles.

Brhadharanyaka Upanishad - Sloka 4.1.4

Yajnavalkya says Caksu is invoked as Satyata. Satya is what exists. Satyata is existence, something that can be ascertained to exist.  Satya is truth, because truth is 'what exists'.

What brings Satyata, the existence.?

Yajnavalkya says

"cakśuṣā vai samrāṭ paśyantam āhur adrākśīr iti, sa āhā adrākśam iti, tat satyaṃ bhavati". 

"Emperor, with sight (cakSusa),  one who sees (pazyantam)  , is said (Ahur) to be individually seeing (adra akSir) thus (iti), that (sa) is said/spoke (AhA) individually/personally seen (adrakSam) thus (iti), that existence/determinism/truth manifests"

Those individual 'sees/ observes', says/speaks of the seen/observation, that becomes truth/existence.  Those that exist are seen and spoken.

How can one observe..? One can observe by interaction with Electromagnetic field or Weak field or Strong field or by physical movement.

But Weak field is very weak in nature and is difficult to observe. Strong field is very limited in distances and difficult to observe.

Interaction with Electromagnetic field and Physical movement is the only way to observe realistically in this universe, as EM field ranges long distances and is not weak. That brings us to 'Sight' or Caksu and 'Hearing' or 'zrotram'.

Sight is performed by detection of energy in Electromagnetic field (or put simply detection of light). Zrotram is performed by detection of physical movement in spacetime.

Quarks and Electrons individually/personally interact with EM radiation and hence they 'observe/see'. They also move around physically, interact and build larger forms of complex matter using EM interaction and physical movement, which leads to the Universe that we live in now. 

If Universe is a brain, then cakSu (Sight, EM interaction) and ZrotraM (Hearing, Physical movement) brings the matter into existence. In human beings too, Seeing and Hearing brings something into existence in our brain.

Brhadharanyaka Upanishad - Sloka 4.1.5

Yajnavalkya says Zrotram is invoked with anantata. ananta is endless. anantata is endlessness.

tasmādvai samrāḍapi yāṃ kāṃ ca diśaṃ gacchati naivāsyā antaṃ gacchati, anantā hi diśoḥ; diśo vai samrāṭ śrotram,

Whichever disa/direction they go, they don't go to the end. Endless is the disa. This endless disa is zrotram.

Zrotram is the detection of propagation of mechanical energy.  These mechanical movements or pressure changes travel in all directions and they can be detected from all directions.

In science, while force is a vector quantity with direction, pressure which is the detection of force in a particular area is a scalar quantity without any direction.

Hence mechanical movements or pressure changes are said to be invoked with endlessness (anantata) and from all directions. 

Manas  - The 'Virtual'

Brhadharanyaka Upanishad - Sloka 4.1.6

Yajnavalkya says 'Manas' is invoked as Anandata. What is it..?

Yanjavalkya says

"manasā vai samrāṭ striyam abhihāryate, tasyāṃ prati rūpaḥ putro jāyate, sa ānando"

'Manas' is certainly (vai) the property of Stri (striyam) that (when) captivated, from that are born the putra, similar/each rupA, that  Ananda.

Stri is the background quantum oscillations or prakrti or the energy present in the empty space/vacuum. It is the Hrdaya of the Universe.

When that Hrdaya, the quantum background oscillations are 'captivated' or 'captured', then it leads to manifestation of virtual particles and anti-particles. This virtual pair production is 'Ananda'.

kAma is excitation (or desire). When that excitation leads to new manifestations it is called 'nanda'. Hence nanda is used to denote joy as well as 'son'.  Ananda means joyful, manifesting new forms.

The 'virtual' causes the Stri to produce virtual particles is the Manas. Manas is the 'Para' of vAkyapadiya. Not just virtual particles and anti-particles, but real particles like baryons and mesons are formed by mediation done by 'virtual' gluons. Atomic nucleus is formed by 'virtual' pions.

This 'virtual' that causes production of new matter forms is the 'Manas'.

Summary of Brhadharanyaka Upanishad 4.1

Brahman resides in vAg. vAg is prajna. vAg has four parts. They are prAna, Hrdaya, Caksu, Zrotram and Manas.

Speech - vakyapadiyaPrajna - Manifestation
of Consciousness-

Universe’s expressionUniverse visualized
as biological being
Pazyanti -
The first visible manifestation
Hrdaya - The heart that supplies energyThe background quantum oscillations of vacuumBackground quantum oscillations of vacuum provides the energy to all force-fields 
Madhyama -
In the middle -
Invoking Vocal chords
prAna - the breathingThe eleven force-fields (EWS, EW, Strong, Unified Higgs, before symmetry breaking, Higgs after symmetry breaking,  EM, Weak, CDM, Quarks, Electrons, Neutrinos)
The eleven force-fields or eleven Rudras are the prAna of the Universe
VaikhAri -
The outward
expression -
The sphota/dvani
cakSu (Eye) -
Observation points
dra-akSam, satyata

Zrotram (Ear) -
Infinite path,
in multiple directions
disa, anantata
Thermodynamics -
Point and Path functions
Intensive and Extensive
properties of matter-
Point functions of
that makes the matter
observable are the Eyes
of Universe

Path functions
whose value
depends on the path.
For eg. Work done,
Heat etc whose value
depends on the path
are the 'Ears' of Universe
Para -
Beyond all the three
Manas that propels new
manifestations, out of Stri.
The virtual particles that mediate interactions across all the three stages
leading to new manifestations
The virtual particles that lead to creation of baryons, mesons, atomic nucleus etc,  is the 'manas'
of Universe.

If Universe is like our biological body, then
  1. Force-fields are the ‘breathing’ of the Universe.
  2. Background Quantum oscillations of vacuum is the ‘Heart’ of Universe that provides energy to all force-fields.
  3. Intensive/Extensive properties of matter are is ‘eyes’, because these// properties give specific points that Atman can observe. Eyes add to information content of our brain, but is limited. Similarly these properties of matter that arise, add to entropy of Universe, but limited.
  4. Work done, Heat are its ‘ears’, because like ears that add information content to our brain in unlimited ways, but needs to go through a process to become information, Work/Heat etc add entropy to Universe in unlimited ways, but have to go through a process to become entropy.
  5. The virtual particles that mediate interactions is the ‘manas’ of the Universe.

More to come

Mandukya Upanishad